The structure of the tablet press

The structure of the tablet press

The structure of the tablet press:

A machine that places granules or powdery materials in a die hole and compresses them into tablets by a punch is called a tablet press. The earliest tablet press was composed of a pair of punching dies. The punch moved up and down to press granular materials into sheets. This machine was called a single punch tablet press, and later developed into an electric flower basket tablet press. The working principle of these two tablet presses is still based on the unidirectional tablet pressing based on the manual pressing die, that is, the lower punch is fixed during tablet pressing, and only the upper punch moves to pressurize. In this way of tableting, due to inconsistent upper and lower forces, the density inside the tablet is not uniform, and problems such as cracks are easy to occur.

Aiming at the shortcomings of the unidirectional tablet press, a rotary multi-punch bidirectional tablet press was born. The upper and lower punches of the tablet press uniformly pressurize at the same time, so that the air in the medicine particles has sufficient time to escape from the die hole, thereby improving the uniformity of tablet density and reducing the phenomenon of splitting. In addition, the rotary tablet press has the advantages of low machine vibration, low noise, low energy consumption, high efficiency and accurate tablet weight.

Rotary tablet press is a machine that presses granular materials into tablets by pressing multiple dies evenly distributed on the turntable to move up and down in a circle according to a certain trajectory. The tablet press with the linear speed of the punch rotating with the turntable ≥ 60m/min is called a high-speed rotary tablet press. This high-speed rotary tablet press has a forced feeding mechanism. The machine is controlled by PLC, with automatic pressure adjustment, control The functions of sheet weight, rejecting waste sheets, printing data, and displaying fault stoppages, in addition to controlling the difference in sheet weight within a certain range, can automatically identify and eliminate quality problems such as missing corners and loose pieces.

The tablet shape pressed by the tablet press is mostly oblate at first, and later developed into shallow arc and deep arc on the upper and lower sides, which is for the needs of coating. With the development of special-shaped tablet presses, oval, triangular, oval, square, diamond, annular and other tablets are produced. In addition, with the continuous development of preparations, due to the requirements of compound preparations and timed-release preparations, special tablets such as double-layer, triple-layer and core-coated preparations are made, which all need to be completed on a special tablet press.

With the development of market demand, the scope of application of tablet presses is becoming wider and wider. It is no longer simply limited to pressing Chinese and Western medicine tablets, but can also be widely used for pressing health food, veterinary medicine tablets, chemical tablets: such as mothballs Sanitary balls, washing blocks, Smurf blocks, art powder cakes, pesticide tablets, etc., food tablets: chicken essence blocks, Banlangen blocks, Divine Comedy tea blocks, compressed biscuits, etc.

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